Physical Fitness

Physical Fitness

One definition of physical fitness is an improved physiological state that lead to improved health and longevity

Primary Component of Fitness

Cardiorespiratory capacity

In fitness, we also refer to as cardiorespiratory capacity as aerobic capacity.

This capacity includes aerobic endurance, aerobic strength, and aerobic power .

Some of the long term cardiovascular training are:

Improved endurance
Decrease resting heart rate
Decrease risk of cardiovascular disease
Increased stroke volume and cardiac out put

Muscular capacity

Refer to the spectrum of muscular capability.

This includes muscular endurance and muscular strength

Some long-term adaption of improving muscular capacity are

Increased strength
Improved muscular endurance
Increase basal metabolic rate
Improve joint strength and overall posture



This is the range of movement or amount of motion that a joint is capable of performing.

Each joint has a different amount of flexibility.

Some of the long-term adaptations of improved flexibility are:

Improved range of motion
Improved bodily movement
Decreased risk of injury
Improve posture

Body Composition

This is proportion of fat-free mass to fat mass

Some of the long-term adaptation of improving body composition are:

Improve basal metabolic rate
Improved bodily functions and improved BMI.
Decreased is of cardiovascular disease

Reference: Can-Fit-Pro Foundation of Professional Personal Training